Symptoms, risks and treatment of Dauber mud sting
Mud-smeared wasps may seem threatening, but they’re actually pretty harmless to people.
These solitary wasps get their name from the mud they use to make their nests. There are different types of mud dauber wasps in the United States, but none of them are aggressive towards humans. Only females have stingers and their venom is very mild compared to other wasps and bees.
In the rare event that you get stung by a mud-smeared woman, you are unlikely to experience many symptoms. However, everyone reacts to insect bites and bites differently, so watch out for your symptoms if you get bitten. You may need a higher level of treatment than basic home first aid.
Female mud daubers can sting, but they rarely sting humans. You would need to shake a feminine mud dauber significantly. Mud daubers live on their own and do not swarm, so you are unlikely to encounter a group of them. Other wasps and bees are social. They swarm and sting to defend their homes, but mud daubers do not.
A mud dauber is unlikely to sting you, but if it does, your symptoms may look like a typical insect bite or sting. Mud dauber venom is mild, so you can’t feel pain or swelling like more aggressive or harmful bees or wasps.
Typical symptoms of insect bites or stings include:
- redness or discoloration
- pain or tingling
Mud Dauber Wasp Venom is intended to capture and paralyze spiders and is not intended for defense like with other wasps and bees. Therefore, it is generally not harmful to people.
However, it may present an increased risk to a person if they have an allergic reaction to the venom.
Call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room if you have symptoms such as:
- difficulty in breathing
- inability to concentrate
- a rash that appears suddenly
- loss of consciousness
- difficulty swallowing
- rapid heartbeat
- swollen lips and throat
Until you experience an allergic reaction, you may not feel anything from a mud bubbler sting, or you may have mild symptoms. There are some basic first aid techniques you can try to reduce symptoms near the bite. These include:
Call a doctor if your symptoms have not gone away or if they get worse after a few days. Seek emergency medical help if you experience symptoms of a severe allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock after the sting.
A mud dauber wasp is long and has a very thin waist that looks like thread. The thin waist connects his chest to his abdomen. Its six legs protrude from its thorax. It has two distinctive large eyes, two antennae, and two long, narrow wings. The mud dauber is between half an inch and an inch long. Females are larger than males.
Mud daubers feed on spiders, including black and brown widows, so they can be beneficial to the ecosystem where you live. They store captured spiders in their complex nest of mud cells for their offspring.
There are different types of mud daubers. You can tell them apart by their physical characteristics and nests. Three common varieties of them in the United States include:
- Cementarium Scelipron is black and yellow, with yellow legs. It creates a mud nest made up of small connected rectangular cells. Their nest is the size of a plum or a peach.
- Trypoxylon politum is black and has blue wings and white tips on its hind legs. He builds a mud nest that looks like a pipe organ. The nest is made up of five or six elongated and narrow cavities that connect to each other.
- Californian Chalybion is shimmering blue. This variety does not build its own nests, but rather uses nests built by other mud daubers. He brings water to these nests to rework them.
You are unlikely to be stung by a mud dauber wasp or experience severe symptoms if you are stung. Mud daubers tend to stick around and won’t hit a human unless provoked. But if you do get stung, treat a mud dauber sting as you would any other sting or insect bite with basic first aid treatments. Severe symptoms may be a sign of an allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock. These require prompt medical treatment.