Know the symptoms, causes, treatment
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland in men that produces seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers. Most prostate cancers grow slowly and only affect the prostate.
On the other hand, some types of prostate cancer are aggressive and spread quickly. Because prostate cancer is a slow-growing malignancy, it can go undetected for years. Although there are no obvious indications or symptoms of the disease, many changes in hygiene habits can indicate it.
The prostate in men produces seminal fluid, which nourishes and transports sperm.
Keep an eye out for these indications when you are in the bathroom. It should be noted that some symptoms may be the result of a temporary problem caused by variables such as nutrition and lifestyle.
Some of the most common warning signs you should not ignore are an urgent need to urinate, more frequent trips to the toilet, slow or stopped urine flow, and feeling like you want to urinate even after you’ve finished. Prostate cancer can be detected by the presence of blood in urine, semen, bone discomfort, sudden weight loss, and erectile dysfunction.
Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when prostate cells develop changes in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes tell the cells to grow and divide faster than normal cells. Abnormal cells continue to live, while other cells would die.
Abnormal cells that accumulate form a tumor that can grow to invade nearby tissue. Over time, some abnormal cells can break off and spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Although the actual cause of prostate cancer is unknown, there are a number of risk factors that can increase your risk of getting it. Your risk of getting prostate cancer increases after age 50. Your risk of prostate cancer may be increased if a family member has prostate cancer, such as a parent, sibling, or child. Obese people may have a higher risk of prostate cancer than people who control their weight.
Whether you can prevent prostate cancer through diet has not yet been conclusively proven. But eating a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables can improve your overall health.
No studies have shown that supplements play a role in reducing your risk of prostate cancer. Instead, choose foods rich in vitamins and minerals to maintain healthy levels of vitamins in your body.
Exercise improves your overall health, helps you maintain your weight, and improves your mood. Try to exercise most days of the week. If you are new to exercise, start slowly and increase the exercise time each day.
If you are at very high risk for prostate cancer, you and your doctor may consider taking medications or other treatments to reduce the risk. Some studies suggest that taking 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, including finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart), may reduce the overall risk of developing prostate cancer. These drugs are used to control prostate enlargement and hair loss.