diagnostic tests and treatment
Allergies: What tests should be done for the diagnosis?
The process of diagnosing allergies is quite simple and is done through prick tests, a common examination performed on the surface of the forearm, on which drops of solutions containing a number of inhalant or food allergens are placed .
The skin is then slightly irritated with a special instrument and, if a small pimple appears at the level of irritation, there is evidence of a reaction to one or more allergens.
This is the basic examination for general screening.
It is essential that allergic patients in the diagnostic phase have their respiratory function measured: asthma, dyspnoea and dry cough are also allergic symptoms.
Again, these are simple and non-invasive examinations, in which the patient is asked to perform rest and/or forced breathing maneuvers in certain devices.
About one third of patients with allergic oculorhinitis test positive for bronchial hyperreactivity, which indicates a predisposition to develop asthma and is useful for the physician.
Allergies: what are the treatments?
When an allergic patient experiences the first symptoms associated with the onset of an allergy, it is good to try to immediately extinguish the inflammation by following the treatment prescribed by the specialist.
Often, allergic patients tend to take oral antihistamines too easily, but these are undoubtedly useful, but they also have side effects and are not considered by specialists to be the reference treatment for oculo- hinitis.
In case of oculohinitis, however, it is preferable to use antihistamine eye drops and topical nasal corticosteroid therapy, as well as daily nasal showers with a saline solution, which cleans the mucous membrane, which will then be more reactive to the nasal spray.
Antihistamines should be used at a later stage, when eye drops and nasal spray fail to control symptoms.
It is important to understand, however, that medications can only control symptoms.
The only causative therapy that teaches our immune system to tolerate the allergen causing the symptoms is allergen-specific immunotherapy, the so-called allergy “vaccine,” a cutting-edge therapy that you can take yourself at the home, in drops or tablets, prescribed by a specialist.
This therapy not only makes it possible to reduce the symptoms already present, but also to stop the allergic march which leads, over the course of life, to the development of new allergies and increasingly intense and severe symptoms.
In general, however, an allergic person must follow a few simple rules to manage their allergy, such as knowing which allergens they are sensitive to and trying to avoid exposure as much as possible, for example by consulting the pollen calendars, readily available on various sites. Web about allergies, do not leave the house during the hours when the concentration of pollen is highest and do not use natural remedies, because you could absorb allergens without realizing it.
As mentioned above, the treatment of allergic symptoms should always be agreed with a medical specialist.
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